Supply Chain Metrics That Matter: Third Party Logistics Providers
Using Financial Data from Corporate Annual Reports to Better Understand Third Party Logistics Providers
By Abby Mayer, Research Associate, Supply Chain Insights LLC
Third party logistics (3PL) providers fill a critical role in today’s global supply chains. With the rise in e-commerce, the growth of global markets, and the reshaping of the retail market, dependency on 3PLs is rising. It is an industry with fierce competition. Despite the promises of technology - driven differentiation, as of yet, no 3PL has successfully been able to differentiate and create significant brand loyalty. This is the market opportunity moving forward.
Today, companies on average send 30% of goods through third party logistics (3PL) providers.The 3PL market is now $148 billion in size with single - digit annual growth. 1 Hit hard by the Great Recession, the industry is still in recovery. The 3PL industry has matured over the last 50 years; but it operates at a low margin, struggling to balance what we term The Effective Frontier.
The ongoing inability to drive resiliency on The Effective Frontier by managing tradeoffs of growth, profitability, cycle and complexity should be a concern for those working in, or working with, the 3PL industry. Comparable results from ten industries are shown in Table 1, ranked by average operating margin. 3PLs not only occupy the second lowest ranking, they have also seen the most significant drop in operating margin as a percentage since 2000. In this report, we look more closely at the current state of the industry.